Church of the Holy Sepulchre - also called the Holy Sepulchre is a large church located in the Christian Quarter of Jerusalem's Old City, wherein the times of Jesus was located outside of the city Jerusalem.
The church is located at the end of " Via Dolorosa " is the road of suffering, in a place considered to be the Calvary Hill, where according to Christian tradition, originated in the Byzantine period, ended the journey of Jesus from the place he was tried and convicted, to the place that sentence was carried out- the crucifixion.
The site is one of the most important and holiest in Christianity, and the most sacred to those who are not Protestant Christian, and is a pilgrimage center for pilgrims.
According to the scriptures and traditions, it is common to assume that where the churches located is where the latest events in the life of Jesus Christ took place, among these events - Jesus' crucifixion and location of his burial cave. As is customary to assume the church was built at the beginning of the Byzantine period by the Roman Emperor Constantine and his mother Helena and it was destroyed several times throughout history, once following an earthquake and several times following the attacks of Muslims. As a result, the church was rebuilt and is built from parts from different periods. The most comprehensive renovation was made by the Crusaders.
Five terminus fourteen stations of "Via Dolorosa ", represented in the church chapel: removing clothes of Jesus, His crucifixion, His death on the cross, suffering mother and his burial. Recently added to station number 15, preserves the memory of the resurrection of Jesus. Church prayer chapels many passages, caves and monuments. You can divide the structure of the church into three sections: Southern Division, which includes the Calvary Hill (Golgotha -place of the crucifixion), and the Stone of Unction (where Jesus' body entirely). Central Division, which includes the tomb and basilica (the prayer hall). The north wing, including the Franciscan Chapel and the Chapel of Helena. Grave in the middle of a large hall (Rotunda), in an ancient structure reinforced with iron bars .
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre also called Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre, or the Church of the Resurrection, is a Christian church within the walled Old City of Jerusalem, a few steps away from the Muristan. The church is considered to be the holiest Christian site in the world. According to the New Testament, this is the site where Jesus Christ was buried and crucified.
The church has been an important pilgrimage destination since the 4th century.
The Church was established in 333 by the Roman emperor Constantine after his mother, Helena, found the Crucifixion location in Jerusalem. The legend says Helena actually discovered three crosses - those of the two thieves and that of Christ. To discern the one belonging to Christ, a sick man was brought to touch to each one, and he was miraculously healed by one of them.
In the year of 614, during the Persian occupation of Jerusalem, the Church was severely damaged by fire. The church was built again in 630 by Emperor Heraclius. During the 11th century the church was facing demolition again by the hands of the Calif Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, who refused to pray in the Church. However, the church continued to function as a Christian church under the protection of Omar and the early Muslim rulers. In 1099, the Christian crusaders built a new church which still stands today.
The Burial/Resurrection Site: the site is also known as the "Tomb of Joseph of Arimathea" because after Jesus crucified he was buried in a tomb that Joseph had donated. The tomb is enshrined by a large, boxy shrine - The Edicule. The edicule is supported by scaffolding on the outside due to earthquakes and is not terribly attractive.
Opening Times for the Church of the Holy Sepulchre:
April to September: 05:00 AM – 8:00 PM.
October to March: 05:00 AM – 7:00 PM