Capernaum was a fishing village from the 1st century BC to the 13th century AD. Capernaum is located on the north shore of Israel's Lake of Gennesaret, about 4 km south west of the mouth of the Jordan River.
Christian tradition associates Capernaum with Jesus main base during his Galilean ministry. The Bible calls it Jesus’ "own city". Here he met five of his future disciples.
The main sights today are the remains of a Jewish synagogue and a church; both were destroyed prior to the Islamic conquest in 638. The synagogue is located close to the shore, facing Jerusalem. The synagogue at Capernaum is not the one where Jesus preached, but is likely to have been built on the same site.
The church of Capernaum was founded on the traditional site of St. Peter's home, located between the synagogue and the lakeshore.
This is the site where Jesus healed Peter's mother-in-law and helped cure a paralytic. After Jesus death the house became sacred. In the 5th century, the site was destroyed and a grander church was built instead. There is a glass floor so that you can still see the ancient original church below.
Other sites at Capernaum include an oil press, a flour mill and a wine press.